November 5, 2019.
The “World Town Planning Day”, was founded in 1949 by the first Argentinian Lecturer and PhD in Architecture, Doctor Carlos Maria della Paolera, of the University of Buenos Aires. He was also Director of Planning Town Institute of Buenos Aires.
Sustainable cities and communities are one of the seventeen sustainable development goals of The United Nations Agenda for Sustainable Development to be achieved by 2030.
In 2010, the 50% of world population lived in cities. In 2050, that percentage will rise 70%-80%. The inhabitants in the cities of the world will be 6.5 billions of people. It is likely that in 2025 there will be 30 megacities with more than 10 million inhabitants. However, the fastest growth will take place in the cities with less than ten million inhabitants, according to the Consultancy McKinsey.
These are the goals number 11:
11.1 Ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums.
11.2 Provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those with disabilities and older persons.
11.3 Enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries.
11.4 Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage.
11.5 Reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations.
11.6 Reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management.
11.7 Provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for persons with disabilities.
11.8 Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning.
11.9 Increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels.
11.10 Support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, in building sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials.